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Food chains

Food chain


A food chain shows how plants and animals get their energy.


Producers and consumers

A food chain always starts with a producer. This is an organism that makes its own food. Most food chains start with a green plant, because plants can make their food by photosynthesis.

A living thing that eats other plants and animals is called a consumer.


Predators and prey

A predator is an animal that eats other animals. The animals that predators eat are called prey. Predators are found at the top of a food chain.


E.g. An owl eats a mouse, a mouse eats berries and leaves
       A fox eats a rabbit, which eats grass





Draw or make a mobile to show food chains. Use the ideas from the video.